» Main attraction- Banyan Tree and lake
Botanical Garden is situated at Shibpur area of Howrah District.
About Botanical Garden
The gardens were originally founded in 1786 by Colonel Kyd,
containing about 12,000 living plants and over two and half million
dried out plant specimens in the herbarium collected from all over
the world. This is the oldest of all the Botanical Gardens in India.
It was from these gardens that the tea now grown in Assam and
Darjeeling was first developed. Trees of the rarest kinds, from
Nepal, Brazil, Penang, Java and Sumatra can be found here. There are
towering Mahogany trees, an avenue of Cuban Palms and an Orchid
House. Mango and Tamarind trees shade the grassy lawns. Col.
Alexander Kyd of the East India Company developed it for the
collection of plants, indigenous to the country and for the
introduction and acclimatization of plants from foreign parts. It
remains opened from sunrise to sunset. This ethereal ambience is
ideal for fun, fiesta and frolics.There is a serpentine lake where
boating is possible. Botanics posseses a priceless collection
of books in its library.
The main trunk was infected by fungus and had to be removed in
1945, but 1573 aerial branches from the mother tree took roots all
around covering 404 sq metres.
Enchanting attraction of the gardens
The main attraction of the garden is the 200 year old Banyan Tree,
claimed to have the second largest canopy in the world. The
Botanical Garden is the world's largest, having a circumference of
330m. Aquatic plants are also very interesting.
Adjacent to the Botanical Garden is the Bengal Engineering College
which is the state's oldest technical institute and has been
declared a deemed university. Established in 1856, is the second
oldest and one of the premier engineering institutions in India. It
is one of the best colleges of the state and has a beautiful campus.
Both the Indian Botanic Garden and the Bengal Engineering College
are spread over two of the largest green areas of this metropolis.